Electric bicycles receive the same treatment as normal bicycles and don't require registration or a license. Everyone, including passengers on a class 3 electric bicycle, must wear a helmet and only people over the age of 15 can drive this class of vehicle. The motor of an electric bicycle cannot exceed 750 W and passengers must be at least 16 years old. So, can you ride an electric bike without a license? In most of the United States, electric bike riders aren't required to have a valid driver's license, but it really depends on where you live.
Unfortunately, the electric bicycle law in the U. S. can be complicated and difficult to understand. Until now, individual states have largely been left to determine what qualifies as an electric bicycle and how those bicycles and cyclists are regulated. States have adopted a “classified system” that classifies electric bicycles into three levels based on speed, engine size and whether the bicycle has an accelerator.
But in states that haven't, e-bike riders are subject to a number of rules that range from licensing and registration laws to speed and motor size restrictions that may be unique to that specific state. The law on electric bicycles can even change within the boundaries of a state, depending on the terrain in which you travel. But fear not, fellow e-bike enthusiasts, there is a method to this legal madness (for the most part) and, just like driving a car, the laws get easier to understand and follow as you learn some of the basics. This post will help you explain those basic concepts so you know better what you can and can't do with your electric bike. States, or roughly two-thirds of the country, have adopted some form of three-class electric bicycle legislation, according to People for Bikes, the country's leading bicycle defense organization. This legal framework classifies electric bicycles into three categories based on a few factors and regulates electric bicycles much like traditional bicycles, meaning that no special license for electric bicycles or registration is required. However, depending on the speed, there may be some restrictions on where electric bicycles can be driven and the maximum motor size is 750 W.
But in states that haven't adopted this three-class system, e-bike riders are subject to a number of rules that range from licensing and registration laws to speed and motor size restrictions that may be unique to that specific state. Does your state follow the three-class electric bicycle law? People for Bikes has an excellent state-by-state breakdown in the U. There are eight additional states with a type of electric bicycle legislation that People for Bikes considers acceptable, meaning that electric bicycles are regulated like a traditional bicycle and do not require a license or registration, among a few other criteria. Once again, People for Bikes's state-by-state e-bike law breakdown is a fantastic resource. Outside of a small group in the United States - Alaska, Rhode Island, Massachusetts and New Mexico - you don't need a driver's license or registration to drive an electric bicycle. But that doesn't mean it's a free-for-all game.
First you need to know what qualifies as an electric bicycle and, if you already have one, where does your electric bicycle fit into the three-class legal system. Although not all states regulate electric bicycles using this legal structure, most do. Even the federal government increasingly recognizes this three-class system: it is currently used to regulate electric bicycles on federal lands and is even the basis for a proposed federal tax credit for electric bicycles. Speed, engine power and whether an electric bicycle has an accelerator or not are the three most important characteristics you should know about your bicycle. In general, electric bicycles in the U. must have motors of 750 W or less, have fully operational pedals, and comply with the speed restrictions described in the previous section. These laws may seem tedious, especially considering that they apply to something as simple and mundane as a bicycle.
But they are what differentiates electric bicycles from mopeds or light motorcycles since they make them easy, unlicensed and accessible without having to go through the same obstacles as a motor vehicle. What kind is an electric bicycle with 2 motors - one 750 W in the front and one 750 W in the rear? If you have a VIN (Vehicle Identification Number), you must have a license plate; you need a license to operate it and cannot ride on bike lanes or sidewalks. The State of New York defines an electric bicycle as one that is no more than 36 inches wide and has an electric motor of less than 750 W equipped with fully functional pedals. Electrically assisted bicycles are various types of bicycles with an electric motor and operable pedals.